Monday, July 9, 2007

Ancestry Publishes Indian Censuses

While it was several days ago that announced the publication of the U.S. Indian Censuses, most publications didn't carry the images, so we'll repeat the announcement here and include the neat photographs that accompanied it.


Discover More than 7.5 Million Names in the U.S. Indian Censuses;
The Best Resource for Tracing American Indian Family History
Available at a Click of Your Mouse

June 25, 2007, Provo, Utah –, the world’s leading online family history resource, today launched more than 7.5 million names in U.S. Indian Censuses, the largest online collection of Native American family history records. Taken by the Bureau of Indian affairs, the censuses document some 150 years of Native American family history. These censuses create an intimate portrait of individuals living on all registered Indian reservations between 1885 and the 1940s.

The U.S. Indian Censuses are among the most important documents for tracing Native American family history – as well as the place to for anyone with Native American ancestry to begin searching for their heritage. Representing more than 250 tribes from some 275 reservations, schools and hospitals across the United States, the censuses typically recorded names, including Indian names, ages, birthdates, tribe, reservation and most importantly the allotment/Annuity/ID number, otherwise known as the Census number. Some earlier rolls even listed the member clans, a very important relationship identifier.

Details of children born in the 1940s combined with information about individuals born in the early 1800s enable researchers to find parents and grandparents as children in 20th century censuses and trace their family to earlier generations. Clues in the census show where ancestors lived and how families changed over the years.

“The stories contained in these censuses will help Native Americans preserve their tradition-rich personal and cultural identity,” says Megan Smolenyak, chief family historian for “Crossing tribal and reservation boundaries, these censuses tell personal stories of Native Americans living on reservations across the United States. In them we find influential Native Americans who led their people along side those whose stories are still waiting to be told.”

Among the well-known names in the Native American censuses include:

- Celebrated Iwo Jima flag raiser Ira Hayes was counted on Arizona’s Gila River reservation in censuses from 1930 to 1936.

- Legendary Jim Thorpe appears 15 times in the censuses – first as a three-year-old named Jimmie living in Indian Territory, finally as a 50 year old in 1937.

The census also tells countless personal stories, such as:

-Jesse Cornplanter of New York’s Cattaraugus reservation appears in 16 censuses – first as a child with his parents, then as a father with a wife and child

-Gabe Gobin, a logger on the Tulalip Reservation in Washington, who appears in 33 years of censuses.

- Seminole Mary Parker appears as a young teenage in three censuses taken in the 1930s.

Photograph: Supai Charlie (or Waluthem) by his Havasu Canyon, Arizona, ha-wa, about 1903. Supai Charlie is listed with his six children in the 1896 census. (Photos and censuses found on

Modoc woman Toby Riddle (or Winema) appears in 28 Native American censuses. The 1894 census shown here lists her with her son and grandchildren on the Klamath reservation in Oregon. Born about 1842, Toby Riddle is pictured with her son in about 1873. Her husband, a white man, was not included in the census counts.

Cayuse chief Umapine and his wife, Hot, appear in 17 censuses, beginning with this census from 1910. taken on the Umatilla reservation in Oregon. Umapine was born about 1850. The image here was taken about 1913.

Because the Native American censuses were taken so often, they are among the best censuses worldwide for tracing family history. The U.S. federal census is taken only once every ten years. In addition, because Native Americans were not granted full U.S. citizenship until 1924, the U.S. federal censuses before 1930 are sporadic at best for counting Native Americans. The yearly counts and updates reflected in the Indian censuses offer Native American family historians a more complete and accurate picture of their ancestors than the federal census.

With 24,000 searchable databases and titles, is the No. 1 online source for family history information. Since its launch in 1997, has been the premier resource for family history, simplifying genealogical research for millions of people by providing them with many easy-to-use tools and resources to build their own unique family trees. The site is home to the only complete online U.S. Federal Census collection, 1790-1930, as well as the world’s largest online collection of U.S. ship passenger list records featuring more than 100 million names, 1820-1960. is part of The Generations Network, Inc., a leading network of family-focused interactive properties, including,, and Family Tree Maker. In total, The Generations Network properties receive 10.4 million unique visitors worldwide and over 450 million page views a month (© comScore Media Metrix, March 2007).

Media Contacts

Anastasia Tyler
PR Manager, part of The Generations Network
(801) 473-4345

Suzanne Bonner
PR Manager, part of The Generations Network
(801) 705-7873

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